A Little Look at the Doctrine of Purgatory

I have often come across comments from non-Catholic theologians saying that the doctrine of purgatory is not biblical – but is this actually the case?

Some people seem to see it as a second chance or a back door into heaven.  This can’t be the case as there are only two categories of people; the saved and the damned.  As Jesus is the “way” (John 14:6) and the “door” (John 10:7 & 9), only thieves and robbers try to get in by any other way.

It is often described in terms which recall the mediaeval imagery of suffering as described in Dante’s “Divine Comedy” of three volumes; Inferno, Purgatory, Paradise.  A more modern view might see it as a “Wash and Brush-up” on the way to heaven which may be trivialising it somewhat.  Can we get beyond this imagery into a clearer view of what purgatory is?


Firstly – What does the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) say?

CCC1030 – All who die in God’s grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; but after death they undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven.

CCC1031 – The Church gives the name Purgatory to this final purification of the elect, which is entirely different from the punishment of the damned.  The Church formulated her doctrine of faith on Purgatory especially at the Councils of Florence and Trent.  The tradition of the Church by reference to certain texts of Scripture, speaks of a cleansing fire (1 Cor 3:10-15, 1 Peter 1:7):

As for certain lesser faults, we must believe that, before the Final Judgment, there is a purifying fire.  He who is truth says that whoever utters blasphemy against the Holy Spirit will be pardoned neither in this age nor the age to come (Matt 12:31).  From this sentence we understand that certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come.  St Gregory the Great

So Purgatory is not a second chance or a back door, it is not a substitute for being saved.  Those who have accepted Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour in this life are saved and members of the Church Militant.  On entering the next life they remain saved whether in Purgatory, the Church Suffering, or Heaven, the Church Triumphant.

CCC954 – The three states of the Church.  “When the Lord comes in glory, and all his angels with him, death will be no more and all things will be subject to him.  But at this present time some of his disciples are pilgrims on earth.  Others have died and are being purified, while still others are in glory, contemplating ‘in full light, God himself triune and one, exactly as he is'”.

All of us, however, in varying degrees and in different ways share in the same charity towards God and our neighbours, and we all sing the one hymn of glory to our God.  All, indeed, who are of Christ and who have his Spirit form one Church and in Christ cleave together.  (Lumen Gentium 49)


CCC1032 (carrying on from CCC1031 above) – This teaching is also based on the practice of prayer for the dead, already mentioned in Sacred Scripture: “Therefore [Judas Maccabeus] made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.” (2 Maccabees 12:46).  From the beginning the Church has honoured the memory of the dead and offered prayers in suffrage for them, above all the Eucharistic sacrifice, so that, thus purified, they may attain the beatific vision of God.  The Church also commends almsgiving, indulgences and works of penance undertaken on behalf of the dead:

Let us help and commemorate them.  If Job’s sons were purified by their father’s sacrifice (Job 1:5), why would we doubt that our offerings for the dead bring them some consolation?  Let us not hesitate to help those who have died and to offer our prayers for them.  St John Chrysostom


Note – The scriptures used in the last part CCC1032,   are 2 Macc 12:46 and Job 1:5.  The quote from Maccabees is from one of the seven deutero-canonical (second canon) books of the Catholic bible.  These books are regarded as Scripture by the Catholic church to this day and they have some very important things in them.  They were removed from the Canon by the protestant reformers at the reformation when they were consigned to the Apocrypha (hidden) writings and not considered by them as Scripture.  The removal of 1 & 2 Maccabees leaves a period of 500 years of silence at the end of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).  The quote from Job is interesting as in its context Job is not regarded as foolish or misguided in what he is doing and nowhere else does it suggest that that might be the case.


A Consideration of the Scriptural Case for Purgatory

Often when something is not explicitly stated in Scripture I will look for a hint or a flavour to see if something is in keeping with the spirit of Scripture.   Initially I thought the Doctrine of Purgatory was one of those things.  On further examination, including the scriptures cited above, I believe there to be a much stronger biblical case for the Doctrine of Purgatory.

A book I was reading recently has a very good chapter on Purgatory.   The book is “Fatima, The Signs and Secrets” by Marianna Bartold, 2014, publisher KIC (Keeping it Catholic) Lapeer, MI,  ISBN 978-0-9862203-0-2,  Chapter 32. Purgatory – The Doctrine of God’s Mercy and Justice.

Chapter 32 cites the following Scriptures;

Matthew 5:48  “You must therefore be perfect just as your heavenly Father is perfect.”  I would also add from the beatitudes; Matthew 5:8 “Blessed are the pure in heart: they shall see God.

Matthew 19: 26 “…with God all things are possible.”

2 Maccabees 12:46  “It is therefore a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they be loosed from their sins.”  Full passage 12: 38-46, worth a read.

Zechariah 13:9  “I will refine them as silver is refined, and I will try them as gold is tried.”

Also look at Malachi 2:2-3 which is eschatological in nature, “Who will be able to resist the day of his coming?  Who will remain standing when he appears?  For he is like the refiner’s fire and Fuller’s alkali.  He will take his seat as refiner and purifier, he will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, and then they will make the offering to the Lord as it should be made.”

When is the silver and gold ready?  When, after heating, the dross sinks to the bottom and the metal is revealed all shiny like a mirror.  When God can see his face in us, we’re done.  A very good description of Purgatory as a purifying fire.

Matthew 5:26  “I tell you solemnly, you will not get out till you paid the last penny.”

But you will get out.

Matthew 12:32  “…but let anyone speak against the Holy Spirit and he will not be forgiven either in this world or the next.”

Applying some reverse logic or reverse thinking here means that there are things that can be forgiven in the next world.

1 Corinthians 3:11-15 – For the foundation, nobody can lay any other than the one which has already been laid, that is Jesus Christ.  On this foundation you can build in gold, silver and jewels, or in wood, grass and straw, but whatever the material the work of each builder is going to be clearly revealed when the day comes.  That day will begin with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each man’s work.  If his structure stands up to it, he will get his wages, if it is burnt down, he will be the loser, and though he is saved himself, it will be as one who has gone through fire.

The passage is essentially eschatological, end times, whether this is collectively at the second coming of Christ or individually if death comes to us before that event.  We will pass through a purifying fire and what is not of God will be burnt up and what is of God will remain.  This is where we look to Jesus Christ as the “author and finisher of our faith”, our model and our pattern.  We want to build with materials which will withstand the fire, not wood, grass or straw.

Revelation 19:7-8 – …“Alleluia!  The reign of  the Lord our God Almighty has begun; let us be glad and joyful and give praise to God, because this is the time for the marriage of the Lamb.  His bride is ready, and she has been able to dress herself in dazzling white linen, because her linen is made of the good deeds of the saints.”

This would seem to be something we can enter into now, doing good deeds.  The problem is that if we try to do this of ourselves, we will be too selective about the things we choose to do.  Don’t worry God has this covered.

Ephesians 2:10 – For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.

We can enter into this being guided by the Spirit in such a way as we won’t even be aware that we are doing it.  Matthew 25: 31-46 – vs 37 “When did we do these things?” – My paraphrase and summary.

I also wonder if this clothing, the righteous deeds of the saints, is something we both contribute to and have a share in.  Just a thought.

One of the best descriptions of Purgatory I ever heard was from a visiting Baptist Preacher at the Bethel Mission, Plymouth in the 1970s.  He didn’t mention Purgatory but to my Catholic ears that’s what it sounded like.  He talked about an ongoing soul life with ongoing salvation and sanctification.  He chose the Scripture of the Wedding Feast in Matthew 22:1-14.  If I summarise, a king is preparing a wedding feast for his son.  Those who are invited make excuses not to come so the king sends out his servants to invite other people to the wedding.  These are all then enjoying the feast clad in wedding  garments.  The king notices there is one man not wearing a wedding garment.  when questioned he makes no answer and is then bound and thrown out.   The preacher said that the man had stood out because his clothes were ragged and burnt on passing through the fire of purification, taking the wedding feast in an eschatological sense.  That sounded like Purgatory to me.  If I take this a bit further, the wedding guests have been invited at the last minute and haven’t had time to obtain wedding garments.  The king has provided wedding garments which are hanging up in the changing room waiting for them, the changing room is Purgatory and the garments are the righteous deeds of the saints.  The man without a wedding garment has treated this provision with contempt and left his wedding garment on the peg.  His own “clothes” were unable to withstand the fire of purification and were burnt up.  He had tried to get in by some other way and had failed.  Of course one has to be careful not to push parables too far as the fit is never perfect.  I like the picture of God’s provision of salvation which is complete and there for us to enter into.

Scripture often talks about salvation using all three tenses, past (2 Timothy 1:9), present (1 Corinthians 1:18) and future (Romans 5:9-10).  That is to say I have been saved, I am being saved and I will be saved.



Where have we got to now – re. purgatory?

Purgatory is not a second chance or a back door into heaven.

It is not the destination but a process.  The destination is heaven.

Purgatory is described as a purifying fire removing all the dross and leaving the precious metal.  It removes all those things in us which are not of God, leaving those things which are.

Purgatory can be likened to a changing room where a fine wedding garment is awaiting us.

We don’t have to wait for Purgatory for purification.  It can start now through the sacraments.  Reconciliation to restore our relationship with God.  The Eucharist to feed us with the “Bread of Life” the body and the blood, soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ giving us new life.  The Holy Spirit given to us at Baptism and Confirmation (we might describe this as a fresh anointing or release of the Holy Spirit in our lives) when we are commissioned for evangelism.  We can renew our commitment each day, take up our cross and follow Him, allowing Him to work within us by a conscious act of surrender to the will of God.  We can remember than when we succeed it is by His grace, when we fail we have recourse to the sacrament of reconciliation, so that we don’t become at all puffed up when we succeed or feel crushed when we fail.

We can contribute to the wedding garment – the righteous deeds of the saints, deeds which God has prepared in advance for us to do.

Purgatory is not a cop-out from being all of the things we are meant to be in Christ.  “Never mind, there’s always Purgatory”, should not be a default position.  As I read a while back, “Aim for heaven and miss and there is Purgatory, but aim for Purgatory and miss – then what.”

Neither should heaven be a destination for the Saints and Purgatory for us lesser mortals, for we are all called to be saints (small s) that is followers of Christ here and now on earth in the Church militant.  I repeat heaven is the destination, not Purgatory for that is a process even if it occurs in a place, the Church suffering, it is not the destination which is the Church triumphant.

Purgatory as a simple wash and brush-up doesn’t convey the thoroughness of the purification.  I can remember a car wash where the car was pulled through on a chain, it was cleaned outside, soaped, scrubbed, dried, waxed, buffed and then a whole army of men jumped in and cleaned the inside.  It was thoroughly cleaned.  If I was that car I would feel I had been put through the wringer, but the end result was more than worth it.

There is strong Scriptural evidence for the Doctrine of Purgatory, more evidence than just hints and flavours.


Why is this necessary?

Because even when we have confessed our sin and been forgiven, we may have previously enjoyed the sin.  This is called an attachment and it needs to be removed so that we can fully enjoy heaven and not spoil it.  We shouldn’t get too hung up about how long it takes, just remain confident that it will be done.  It makes me think of a line from “Away in a Manger” which says “and fit us for heaven to live with thee there”.


“A bride without spot or wrinkle”

Ephesians 5: 25-27  …Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless.

I would have to admit that even though Jesus has taken my sin and given me his righteousness, and is continuing to work in my life, I am still aware of having some spots and wrinkles.  Purgatory, this passing through a fire of purification, is therefore an assurance that all these spots and wrinkles will have been dealt with and removed before I take the place promised to me, through Jesus Christ, in heaven.

Philippians 1:6  “And so I am sure that God, who began this good work in you, will carry it on until it is finished on the Day of Christ Jesus.” 

So there you are, Claude’s armchair take on Purgatory.





RCIA 2018 Last Session ‘Encouraging Words’  

RCIA 2018 Last Session ‘Encouraging Words’             10th April 2018

Psalm 86, 11

Teach me your way, O Lord,

that I may walk in your truth;

give me an undivided heart to revere your name.


Coming before God with open hands so that God can take things out and put things in.

Ref)  Book – ‘As Bread that is Broken” by Peter van Breeman S.J.

1974, Dimension Books page p37



We have a promise;

And I am certain that God, who began the good work within you, will continue his work until it is finally finished …..  Paul’s letter to the Philippians 1:6

 For if we are faithful to the end, trusting God just as firmly as when we first believed, we will share in all that belongs to Christ.  Hebrews 3:14


 Our Daily Walk

What is good had been explained to you; this is what God asks of you; only this, to act justly, to love tenderly and to walk humbly with your God.  Micah 6:8

 If we live our lives in the light, as He is in the light, we are in union with one another, and the blood of Jesus, His Son, purifies us from all sin.  1 John 1

 For we walk by faith, not by sight. 2 Corinthians 5:7


 And what is faith?

Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.  Hebrews 11:1


And so, to evangelism

But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have.  1 Peter 3:15


And the source of our confidence;

Yes, God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son, so that everyone that believes in Him may not be lost but may have eternal life.  John 3:16


And when doubts come;

If your lips confess that Jesus is Lord and if you believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, then you will be saved.  By believing from the heart you are made righteous; by confessing with your lips you are saved.  Romans 10:9-10

 No one can say “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit.  1 Corinthians 12:3


A higher calling;

The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”  John 3:8


Baptism, Confirmation, Communion, New Life, Eternal Destiny

“I am telling you the truth,” replied Jesus, “that no one can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit.   John 3:5


 The Call to Holiness

Pope Francis has just published an Apostolic Exhortation (An Apostolic Exhortation is published to encourage the faithful to live in a particular manner (greater conversion to Christ) or to do something of virtue.)

It is called ‘Gaudate et Exsultate’, (Rejoice and be Glad), it is on the call to holiness in todays world.  The document is available through –


as well as the Catholic Truth Society.

To get an idea of the flavour here’s a youtube clip;



 Reading – Paul’s letter to the Ephesians 6:10-17

 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of His power.  Put on the whole armour of God, so that you may able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For our struggle is not against enemies of blood and flesh, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers of this present darkness, against all the spiritual powers of evil in the heavenly places.  Therefore, take up the whole armour of God, so that you may be able to withstand on that evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm.  Stand therefore, and fasten on the belt of truth around your waist, and put on the breastplate of righteousness.  As shoes for your feet put on whatever will make you ready to proclaim the gospel of peace.  With all of these, take the shield of faith, with which you will be able to quench all the flaming arrows of the evil one.  Take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.


PrayerOur Father, Hail Mary, Glory be



Saint Michael, the Archangel, defend us in battle; be our protection against the wickedness and snares of the devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray, and do thou, O prince of the heavenly host, by the power of God, thrust into Hell, Satan and all the other evil spirits, who prowl throughout the world, seeking the ruin of souls. Amen.

(composed by Pope Leo X111, 1884AD)


And all God’s people said;

Amen, Alleluia, Praise the Lord



Reflection for Easter – The Great Gift of Salvation through Jesus Christ and what it cost Him.

You tube song – Graham Kendrick “Paid on the Nail”

“He paid what he thought you were worth.”

Let’s remember that this Free Gift of Salvation cost Jesus everything.

As it says in the song “When I survey the wondrous cross”;

Love so amazing, so divine,
Demands my soul, my life, my all.

Then there is the paradox of victory through an apparent defeat.

but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,  1 Corinthians 1:23

but not just crucified but crucified, dead, buried, sealed in the tomb, risen, ALIVE.

And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins.          I Corinthians 15:17

But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.  1 Corinthians 15:20.

Recommended reading 1 Corinthians Chapter 15.

Youtube song – Ishmael “King of Glory”


Christ is risen

He is risen indeed

RCIA – Perseverance

The Perseverance of the Saints (saints)

2 Timothy 4: 7,  “I have fought the good fight to the end,  I have run the race to the finish; I have kept the faith;”  (St Paul writing from prison in Rome)

Song – “Walk the talk” by Garth Hewitt

Let’s have a look at the cartoons, “Portrait of a Catholic” and our old friend – “Fred” on page 52 of the book “How to Survive being Married to a Catholic”.

What does this tell us about how we persevere in our ordinary Catholic lives?


What happened to the apostles? 


Apostle Mission Manner of Death
Peter Jerusalem, Samaria, Lydda, Jaffa, Caesarea,

Pontus, Galatia, Bithynia, Cappodocia,


Martyred in Rome, crucified AD 64
Andrew Jerusalem, Greece, Scythia, Epirus, Patras in Achaia Martyred in Achaia

Crucified AD 60

James Jerusalem, Spain? Martyred in Jerusalem

AD 44 beheaded by sword

John Jerusalem, Samaria, Parthia, Patmos, Ephesus Imprisonment , exile, torture under Domitian, escape

Lived to old age

Philip Jerusalem, Samaria, Azotus, Caesarea, Phrygia, Hierapolis Martyred, possibly crucified, in old age
Bartholomew Jerusalem, India, Armenia Martyred in Armenia, flayed alive and then beheaded
Thomas Jerusalem, Edessa, India Martyred in Malabar by spear, buried in Mylapor near Madras
Matthew Jerusalem, Persia, Parthia


Martyred by spear, sword or halberd
James son of Alphaeus Jerusalem Martyred, Sanhedrin sentenced him to death by stoning, was then clubbed to death
Simon the Zealot Jerusalem, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia Martyred in Persia, crucified or by sword
Jude Thaddaeus Jerusalem, Mesopotamia, Persia Martyred in Persia, clubbed to death
Matthias Jerusalem, Judaea, Greece, Cappodocia, Caspian Sea, Ethiopia? Martyred, death by axe or halberd


Paul (the apostle to the gentiles) undertook 3 missionary journeys around the ancient world, martyred by sword.




This puts paid to the idea that the apostles were out for personal gain because religion is “a money making racket” – as some would say.


But that’s enough about the men, what about the women.

 The first Christian women martyrs were St Perpetua and St Felicity who were martyred for their faith in Carthage in 203AD under the reign of the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus, who had forbidden fresh conversions to Christianity.  They died in the arena by the sword after wild animals had failed to kill them.


Cue for some Culture – you tube clip from the Opera “Dialogues des Carmelites”

This about a group of Carmelite nuns who refused to give up their vocation and were executed by guillotine during the Terror, a particularly bloody phase of the French revolution, in 1794.   Although fictionalised in the Opera “Dialogues des Carmelites” they did go to their deaths singing the “Salve Regina” and “Veni Creator Spiritus”.


Of course not all Saints were martyred and although in some parts of the world Christians are being killed for their faith, this may not happen to us.  It may be that the only persecution we will suffer is mild ridicule and indifference.

Then this happened;

BBC News 2.8.16

French priest funeral: Jacques Hamel mourned in Rouen

Thousands have attended the funeral in Rouen cathedral in Normandy of French priest Father Jacques Hamel, who was murdered in his church by Islamist extremists last week.

A public ceremony was led by the city’s archbishop, after which Father Hamel was to be interred in a private burial.

French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve and senior Roman Catholic clerics attended the service.

Father Hamel was killed when two men stormed his church during Mass.

In the homily, Rouen Archbishop Dominique Lebrun said: “As brutal and unfair and horrible as Jacques’ death was, we have to look deep into our hearts to find the light.” He called for forgiveness, quoting the New Testament command to love your neighbours.

Shockwaves have reverberated across the world about this, such that the police in Scunthorpe have had discussions with local churches.  It is unlikely that such an event would happen here, but we could be regarded as a soft target.

It does come as a shock that this can happen in the west where previously the worst persecution we had to suffer as Christians was mild ridicule or  indifference.

For myself I would pray for the courage to proclaim that, “Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father”,  (Phillipians 2: 11 and Romans 10: 9-13), and to follow the way of love to the end, resisting the temptation to meet violence with violence.  Because we are called to be different and to make a difference.

Does this mean we are to be a push-over or a doormat?  No it doesn’t.  Jesus says to his disciples, “Remember, I am sending you out like sheep among wolves; so be cunning as serpents and yet as harmless as doves.”  Matthew 10: 16

And John says, “Our love is not to be just words or mere talk, but something real and active.”  1 John 3:18


St. Paul’s attitude to martyrdom is this;

Philippians 1: 20-26

In summary Paul is saying that though death means being with the Lord, he is prepared to live and remain here to help others.  So Paul is not seeking the martyr’s crown though he is aware it may come to him.


We can daily take up our cross and follow Jesus (Luke 9: 23) and accept whatever sacrifices are involved in that.  When we come to mass we offer those sacrifices, the sacrifice of the Christian life, alongside Jesus’s final and everlasting sacrifice.

“Pray brothers and sisters that my sacrifice and yours may be acceptable to God the almighty Father”

It seems totally amazing to me that we can do this as our sacrifice seems such a little thing compared with that of Jesus.



Song – youtube – “Selah”  People of the Cross


We are the People of the Cross.

We aren’t promised an easy time, but we are promised a blessed time and an eternal destination.


We pray for the Church across the world, for its steadfastness in the face of adversity.

For the constancy of its witness and its message in all circumstances.

For the presence of the Holy Spirit in all the believers bringing peace and courage.

For vocations to the priesthood and the religious life.

For us all to do our part, no matter how small for we are a missionary Church.

All this we ask through Jesus Christ, Our Lord. Amen.


Let us pray together the prayer of St Francis


Lord, make me an instrument of your peace;

Where there is hatred, let me show love;

Where there is injury, pardon;

Where there is discord, union;

Where there is doubt, faith;

Where there is despair, hope;

Where there is darkness, light;

Where there is sadness, joy.

For thy mercy and truth’s sake:

O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek

To be consoled as to console,

To be understood as to understand,

To be loved as to love,


It is in giving that we receive,

It is in pardoning that we are pardoned,

It is in dying that we are born to eternal life.


Final Blessing

May the Lord bless you and keep you.

May his face shine upon you and be gracious to you.

May he look upon you with kindness and give you his peace.

May almighty God bless you,

the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen






Drawing a Line and Reconnecting with our Baptism

From the Letter of St Paul to the Philippians Ch 3 vs 13;

…forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead,…

Within the Church there are a number of opportunities to draw a line and start afresh;

Each time we receive the sacrament of reconciliation.

Each time we come to mass.

When we take up our cross daily and follow Christ.

When we renew our Baptismal promises at the Easter vigil.



Renewal of Baptismal Promises

  1. Do you reject Satan?
    R. I do.
    V. And all his works?
    R. I do.
    V. And all his empty promises?
    R. I do.
    V. Do you believe in God, the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and earth?
    R. I do.
    V. Do you believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was born of the Virgin Mary, was crucified, died, and was buried, rose from the dead, and is now seated at the right hand of the Father?
    R. I do.
    V. Do you believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting?
    R. I do.
    V. God, the all-powerful Father of our Lord Jesus Christ has given us a new birth by water and the Holy Spirit, and forgiven all our sins. May he also keep us faithful to our Lord Jesus Christ for ever and ever.
    R. Amen.



13th March 2018

RCIA – Catholics and Mary (continued) Catholics and the Communion of Saints

Statue of Mary with Snake Underfoot

Do a web search for an image of Mary standing on a snake.

There are statues, and art work, showing Mary with a snake underfoot.

The inspiration for this image comes from the scripture Genesis 3: 15, when God punishes the serpent for deceiving Eve.

In many bibles this is translated as “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will strike your head and you will strike his heel.” NRSV

The he being Jesus, the offspring promised to the woman, who would crush the serpent’s head, by his victory on the cross.


I then found on many Catholic websites this verse quoted as

shewill crush the serpents head, which is achieved through her offspring Jesus.

The Douay-Rheims bible translating the Latin Bible, the Vulgate, of St Jerome, gives this verse as;  I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.”

 So, which is right?


Having a look at Bible Hub gives the Hebrew for the word he or she, given in the translation, transliteration hu, with the Strong’s number 1931.  In Strong’s Concordance and Lexicon this word is translated as he, she or it.


So, they are both right.

To bring things up to date the Jerusalem Bible translates the verse as; “I will make you enemies of each other: you and the woman, your offspring and her offspring. It will crush your head and you will strike its heel.”

 A footnote is also given with this explanation;

The Hebrew text, by proclaiming that the offspring of the serpent is henceforth at enmity with the woman’s descendants, opposes the human race to the devil and his ‘seed’, his posterity, and hints at ultimate victory: it is the first glimmer of salvation, the proto-evangelium.  The Greek version (Septuagint) has a masculine pronoun (‘he’ not ‘it’ will crush…), thus ascribing the victory not to the woman’s descendants in general but to one of her sons in particular: the words of the Greek version therefore express the messianic interpretation held by many of the Fathers.  The Latin version has a feminine pronoun (‘she’ will crush…) and since, in the messianic interpretation of our text, the Messiah and his Mother appear together, the pronoun has been taken to refer to Mary; this application has become current in the Church.

It then, would mean both, he and she, 

How can this be?

Remember that it is Mary’s ‘Yes’, in Luke 1: 38; “I am the handmaid of the Lord, let what you have said be done to me”, that makes this possible.

Alongside her Son, Jesus, Mary has crushed the serpents head.

Added to this, Jesus was promised to Adam and Eve and this allows me to make a bold claim that there is no religion older than Christianity.

That’s one guaranteed to get a discussion going.

It also explains why Jesus often calls his mother “woman” as this is the honorary title given in Genesis 3:15 where is says the  offspring of the woman, not the man (hinting at the virgin birth), will crush the serpent’s head.

Such little things often contain great truths.

The Church then sees Mary as having a redemptive role with her son, Jesus.  She is called co-redeemer meaning with or alongside, but not equal to, Jesus.  This is also contained in Genesis 3:15 as the pronoun used can be translated as he or she.


Holy Days and Feast Days
September 8: The Virgin Mary’s Nativity – Feast
December 8: Immaculate Conception – Holy Day
January 1: Holy Mary Mother of God – Holy Day
February 2: The Presentation of Our Lord – Feast
March 25: The Annunciation – Holy Day
March 31: The Visitation of the Virgin Mary – Feast
July 26: St Anna (Canada) – Feast
August 15: Assumption – Holy Day


The Communion of Saints

From the Apostles Creed;

I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church,

the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins,

the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting.


Have a look at page 51 in the book, “How to Survive being Married to a Catholic” under the section “Why pray to the saints?”  Here’s what it says;

A Christian without a community is a contradiction in terms.  Christians are essentially a family of believers.  They become members of that family when they are baptised – and that is the original meaning of the word “saint”.  It simply meant “baptised”.  As time went on the word “saint” came to refer to those Christians who led lives of outstanding holiness and who were remembered and honoured after their deaths.

When Catholics talk about “the communion of saints” they are using the word “saint” in its original meaning.  They mean all the baptised – those who are alive now and those who have departed from this world and now live on with Christ.

Death does not destroy our union with Christians who have gone before us.  We remain members of one family because we all share the life of Christ.  That is why Catholics feel able to ask the saints in heaven to pray for them.


Catechism of the Catholic Church

ccc962 – “We believe in the communion of all the faithful of Christ, those who are pilgrims on earth, the dead who are being purified, and the blessed in heaven, all together forming one Church; and we believe that in this communion, the merciful love of God and his saints is always attentive to our prayers”  (Paul VI, CPG – Credo of the People of God).


As baptised believers then, we are all saints with a small ‘s’.

How do some become Saints with a big ‘S’?


In the Catholic church if a particular individual was felt to have lived a particularly exemplary life, then some time after their death there may a move to have them declared a saint.  A local movement then may ask their priest to present this cause to the bishop and a number of steps follow;


  1. As soon as the cause is opened for consideration, the person is called a Servant of God.
  2. After the Vatican Congregation for the Causes of Saints determines that they did indeed live a life of heroic virtue, they’re called Heroic virtue doesn’t mean that they were perfect or sinless, but that they worked aggressively to improve themselves spiritually and that they never gave up trying to be better and grow in holiness.
  3. After the Church establishes one miracle, their cause is presented to the pope to see whether he deems them worthy of being called This step is called beatification and is the next to last step.
  4. Another miracle and their cause is presented to the pope again for his judgment. If he determines that the evidence is clear and that contrary reports aren’t credible, he may initiate the canonization procedure.  If all goes well, they’ll probably be recognised as a Saint.

(from the book “Catholicism for Dummies)


Why does the Church do this?

ccc828 – By canonizing some of the faithful, i.e., by solemnly proclaiming that they practiced heroic virtue and lived in fidelity to God’s grace, the Church recognizes the power of the Spirit of holiness within her and sustains the hopes of believers by proposing the saints to them as models and intercessors.  “The saints have always been the source and origin of renewal in the most difficult moments in the Church’s history.”   Indeed, “holiness is the hidden source and infallible measure of her apostolic activity and missionary zeal.”


The Saints are examples for us and an encouragement to us.


Their failings are often as instructive as their successes.

Saint Peter, who denied Christ three times, was often impulsive and put his foot in it, but went on to be the first pope and was martyred in Rome.

Saint Thomas who doubted that Jesus had risen from the dead, but became a saint.

James and John fell asleep in the Garden of Gethsemane, even though Jesus asked them to stay awake and pray with him, went on to become saints.

St Augustine (345-430AD) is his youth had enjoyed wine, women and song.  For 20 long years his saintly mother, St Monica, prayed for him, until one day, he and his son Adeodatus embraced the Christian faith, repented of their sins, got baptised, and entered the religious life.  He later became a bishop and finally a saint and doctor of the Church.

(also from Catholicism for Dummies)


Then there are personal favourites;

Some of mine are; St Joseph, St Peregrine, St Jude, St Francis of Assisi, St John of the Cross, St Maximillian Kolbe and Edith Stein.

Saint Maximillian Kolbe was a polish monk and priest who was sent to Auschwitz.  He swapped places with a man who was condemned to die with nine others as an example to deter escape attempts.  The ten were starved to death and Maximilian was finished off with a lethal injection.

Edith Stein – St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, was a German Jew who converted to Catholicism and became a nun.  She was arrested by the Nazis because of her Jewish background and refused a chance to escape, preferring to die with the other prisoners.

St Peregrine 1265-1345AD – a lay brother of the Order of Friar Servants of St Mary, he would have spent his days in prayer and manual labour and visiting the sick.  He suffered from varicose veins and one of his legs became ulcerated and then cancerous.  He was miraculously healed after leaving his sick bed to pray in front of the crucifix.  He fell asleep and dreamed of Jesus coming down from the cross.  He awoke and returned to his bed.  When the doctor came to see him the next morning he had been healed.  He continued to work among the sick and dying.  On his death there is a tradition that three people were healed after paying their respects at his coffin.  He was beatified in 1609 and canonised in 1726.  He is known as the Patron Saint of People with Cancer.



O God, in St Peregrine you gave us an outstanding example of faith and patience.  We humbly ask you that, by imitating him and by the help of his prayers, we will believe more fully in your healing help, bear the sufferings of this life without wavering, and come with joy to the peace of heaven.  We ask this through Christ our Lord.  Amen.


RCIA – Catholics and Mary 27/2/18

Catholics and Mary

Have a look at page 51 of the book “How to Survive being Married to a Catholic”.

Here’s what it says about praying to Mary.

Why do Catholics pray to the mother of Jesus?  Why can’t they pray directly to God?

Catholics can, and do, pray directly to God.  They also address prayers to Mary, the mother of Jesus.  But they do not pray to Mary in the same way that they pray to God.  Prayer to God is worship, and worship can be offered to God alone.  Catholics do not worship Mary.  When they address her in prayer it is to ask her to pray to Jesus for them.  There’s nothing unusual about that.  We often ask our relatives or friends to pray for us.  Catholics, believe that, because of her special relationship to Jesus and the part she played in cooperating with God to make our salvation possible, Mary’s intercession is particularly valuable.

At the marriage feast at Cana (narrated in the second chapter of John’s Gospel) it was Mary who told Jesus, “They have no wine.”  And this prompted Jesus to work his first miracle.   In the same way, Catholics ask her to make their needs known to Jesus.

Catholics look upon Mary as their spiritual mother, but the honour they show her does not arise from her own merits but from the special relationship she has with Jesus, her son.[1]


I think this book presents this really well.


Mary in the bible


References to Mary by name taken from Young’s Analytical Concordance[2]



There are other references to the “mother of Jesus” which are found in;

Matthew 12: 46,  Mark 3: 31,  Luke 8: 20,  John 19: 25-27

There is an oblique reference in;  Luke 11:  27-28, where Jesus seems to be both drawing attention away from his mother, in a protective way, and blessing her at the same time.

The references to Mary by name take us through the Annunciation, the visitation, the birth of Jesus, the presentation, the early ministry of Jesus and with the apostles in the upper room on the day of Pentecost.

The references to Mary as mother of Jesus show her at the wedding feast in Cana, in Galilee and then in Jerusalem at the crucifixion.

Overall these references show that where Jesus is, Mary is often nearby.


Title – Mary, Mother of God

Catechism of the Catholic Church

ccc495 – Called in the Gospels “the mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the mother mf my Lord.”  In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became he Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father’s eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.  Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly “Mother of God” (Theotokos).

The Visitation – Luke 1: 39-45

Mary set out at that time and went as quickly as she could to a town in the hill country of Judah.  She went into Zechariah’s house and greeted Elizabeth.  Now as soon as Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the child leapt in her womb and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.  She gave a loud cry and said, “Of all women you are the most blessed, and blessed is the fruit of your womb.  Why should I be honoured with a visit from the mother of my Lord?  For the moment your greeting reached my ears, the child in my womb leapt for joy.  Yes, blessed is she who believed that the promise made her by the Lord would be fulfilled.”

 So the title Mother of God is scriptural.

The prayer “Hail Mary” is scriptural drawing on the words of the angel Gabriel at the annunciation (Luke 1: 26-38) and of Elizabeth at the visitation (Luke 1: 39-45).

Hail Mary, full of grace.  The Lord is with thee.  Blessed art though among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.  Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.  Amen.


I can remember having a conversation with a non-Catholic Christian in college that went something like this;

Him – How can Mary be the Mother of God?

Me – Are you saying that Jesus isn’t the Son of God?

Him – No, of course not.  I’m just saying how can Mary be the Mother of               God?

Me – Mary is Jesus’s Mother – right.

Him – Yes

Me – Jesus is the Son of God – right.

Him – Yes

Me – So Mary is the Mother of Jesus who is the Son of God.

Him – Yes

Me – So Mary is the Mother of God.

Him – (after a pause) Mary is the earthly mother of Jesus.

Me – Now you’ve just added an adjective.

Him – Words are important,

Me – In acknowledging Mary as the Mother of God, I an acknowledging

Jesus as Lord.  I sure you wouldn’t want me to be denying Christ.


And so on…..  We didn’t particularly agree but I think I got a concession.


Mary given to the Church, given to us

Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of  Magdala.  Seeing his mother and the disciple he loved standing near her, Jesus said to his mother, Woman this is your son.”  Then to the disciple he said, “This is your mother”.  And from that moment the disciple made a place for her in his home.

From the Gospel of John 19: 25-27.

I’ve always found John’s description of himself as “the disciple whom Jesus loved” a bit hard to take.  Is John claiming a position for himself which is above the other apostles?  No, we know that Jesus loves all his disciples and John uses this as a device to put us right there as these events are taking place.  So, at the cross Mary is given to us and we are given to Mary, our Mother.


 Hail Holy Queen

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, hail, our life, our sweetness and our hope.  To thee do we cry,  poor banished children of  Eve;  to thee do we send up our sighs,  mourning and weeping in this valley of tears.

Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy towards us; and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb Jesus.

O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.


Pray for us O Holy Mother of God.


That we may be made worthy of the promise of Christ.


O God, whose only begotten Son, by his life, death and resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life; grant we beseech thee, that meditating on these mysteries of the most holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may both imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ Our Lord.  Amen.


And there’s more……..


966 “Finally the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all stain of original sin, when the course of her earthly life was finished, was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, and exalted by the Lord as Queen over all things, so that she might be the more fully conformed to her Son, the Lord of lords and conqueror of sin and death.”506 The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin is a singular participation in her Son’s Resurrection and an anticipation of the resurrection of other Christians:

In giving birth you kept your virginity; in your Dormition you did not leave the world, O Mother of God, but were joined to the source of Life. You conceived the living God and, by your prayers, will deliver our souls from death.507

. . . she is our Mother in the order of grace

967 By her complete adherence to the Father’s will, to his Son’s redemptive work, and to every prompting of the Holy Spirit, the Virgin Mary is the Church’s model of faith and charity. Thus she is a “preeminent and . . . wholly unique member of the Church”; indeed, she is the “exemplary realization” (typus)508 of the Church.

968 Her role in relation to the Church and to all humanity goes still further. “In a wholly singular way she cooperated by her obedience, faith, hope, and burning charity in the Savior’s work of restoring supernatural life to souls. For this reason she is a mother to us in the order of grace.”509

969 “This motherhood of Mary in the order of grace continues uninterruptedly from the consent which she loyally gave at the Annunciation and which she sustained without wavering beneath the cross, until the eternal fulfilment of all the elect. Taken up to heaven she did not lay aside this saving office but by her manifold intercession continues to bring us the gifts of eternal salvation …. Therefore the Blessed Virgin is invoked in the Church under the titles of Advocate, Helper, Benefactress, and Mediatrix.”510

506 LG 59; cf. Pius XII, Munificentissimus Deus (1950): DS 3903; cf.  Rev 19:16.
507 Byzantine Liturgy, Troparion, Feast of the Dormition, August 15th.
508 LG 53; 63.
509 LG 61.
510 LG 62.


Note:  LG – Vatican 2 document “Lumen Gentium”


[1] How to Survive being Married to a Catholic, Redemptorist Publications, 1986 & 2007, p51

[2]  Robert Young, Young’s Analytical Concordance to the Bible, Lutterworth Press, Cambridge, 1989, p647


Sorting out the Marys


Here is the full list of bible references for all those Marys of the New Testament from Young’s Analytical Concordance.

There is;

Mary, the mother of Jesus

Mary Magdalene

Mary, mother of  James and Joses, the apostles

Mary, the wife of Clopas

Mary, sister of Martha in Bethany

Mary, mother of John Mark, nephew of Barnabas

Mary, a female believer in Rome who helped Paul




RCIA – Prayer 27/2/18

Catholics and Prayer



Prayer is talking to God, it is also listening to God.

Prayer is spending time with God.

At its heart prayer is a relationship.

Prayer is being open to God.


Let’s have a look at the cartoons “Catholics and Prayer” on pages 48-49 of the book “How to Survive being Married to a Catholic”.


Perhaps we can add other descriptions of what prayer is.

Prayer is………………..


Paul’s prayer from his letter to the Ephesians 3:14-21

This then is what I pray, kneeling before the Father, from whom every family, whether spiritual or natural takes its name:

Out of His infinite glory, may He give you the power through His Spirit for your hidden self to grow strong, so that Christ may live in your hearts through faith, and then, planted in love and built on love, you will with all the saints have strength to grasp the breadth and the length, the height and the depth; until knowing the love of Christ, which is beyond all knowledge, you are filled with the utter fullness of God.

Glory be to Him whose power, working in us, can do infinitely more than we can ask or imagine; glory be to Him from generation to generation in the Church and in Christ Jesus for ever and ever.  Amen.


Types of Prayer

First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people,  from the first letter of Saint Paul to Timothy Ch2: vs 1


  1. Supplication – Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Lord.
    Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications
    . Psalm 130 vs 1-2.  Simply put this is a cry for mercy with a real sense of pouring                    yourself out before the Lord.  “Teach me your way, LORD; lead me in a straight path.”         Psalm 27 vs 11
  2. Prayers – we might think of all those set prayers which we like to use such as the Our Father, the Hail Mary, the Glory be, and how these can be used as models to form our own prayers. This leads to worship which is the right relation between creature and creator.
  3. Intercessions – prayer for the community and for others, both at home and throughout the world. All those different situations that we can pray for and into.
  4. Thanksgiving and praise – thanking God for all he has done. Praise takes us out of ourselves and the narrowness of our own situations.  It brings us close to God and all the blessings he has for us.  Let everything that has breath praise the Lord. Psalm 150 vs 6.


 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ.  Pauls letter to the Ephesians ch 1 vs 3.

How many blessings?  All of them


You may have noticed that Psalms can take us very easily into prayer and are used in the daily prayers of the church.  If you were to say a Psalm a day it would take you about 5 months to get through them as there are 150.



When our prayers don’t seem to be answered, we need to consider that “No” is also an answer.  It may mean that our prayer is at odds with the will of God and then we need to ask the Lord to teach us and show us his will.  We need to trust him.

Romans 8: 28 “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love Him, who have been called according to His purpose.”


 From the “Penny Catechism”

  1. Who made you? God made me.
  2. Why did God make you? God made me to know him, love him and serve him in this world, and to be happy with him for ever in the next.



What does God want from us?

Micah 6: 8 “He has shown you, O mortal, what is good.
And what does the Lord require of you?
To act justly and to love mercy
and to walk humbly with your God.”


We have a measure of God’s will for us and so we can walk in it and pray in it.




In any situation it may seem that our prayers are such a little thing but we have to remember that we have a Great and Mighty God.  Prayer is both the least we can do and the greatest thing we can do.

St Paul tells us;

For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.  Paul’s letter to the Ephesians ch 6 vs 12.


We can be “Prayer Warriors” adding our prayers to the mix for;

We are more than conquerors through him who loved us.  Paul’s letter to the Romans ch 8 vs 37.

“More things are wrought by prayer than this world dreams of.”  From the poem Morte D’Arthur by Alfred Tennyson.


Time for another song from you tube

To God be the glory by Fanny Crosby



RCIA – Catholics and the Church

Catholics and the Church                                                20/02/18

 Can you remember this little exercise?

Here’s the Church and here’s the steeple open the doors and see all the people.


What is the Church?  How would you describe the Church?

Write down some words or phrases to describe the Church or even do a little sketch.
From time to time the Church comes under pressure to change or become “more modern”.

I can remember before Pope Francis became pope Catholics were being asked about the kind of Church they would like to have.  There were about as many different answers as there were people interviewed.  That is to say each person seemed to want a Church in their own image.  Overall this would seem to be rather exclusive, whereas the Church desires to be inclusive and in conformity to one image – that of Christ.


Let’s have a look at the cartoons on “Catholics and the Church” in the book “How to Survive being married to a Catholic”

Points – The Church is a sign of Christ in the world.

The Church hands on Christ’s message of love and forgiveness.

The Church is a community of people on a voyage of discovery.

The Holy Spirit gives the Church its life, motivation and heart.

The Holy Spirit remains faithful to the Church.

The Church endures, perseveres and prevails.


Youtube clip “Whiteboard, Whole Church, Whole Gospel, Whole World.



Points – The Church is a called out assembly – ekklesia.

  • The Church is the body of Christ. A people working out their                salvation in “fear and trembling”.  Philippians 2: 12.
  • The Church is a vessel or vehicle of salvation, rather like Noah’s Ark.
  • The Church is the only society on earth that exists for the benefit of non-members. Quote – Archbishop William Temple
  • The Church is one, holy, catholic and apostolic.


Of course the Church is also a paradox – it is made up of sinners who have the promise of salvation through Jesus Christ.

Does this make us all hypocrites?


Here’s an answer from the “How to Survive being married to a Catholic” book;


Hypocrisy – Catholics are hypocrites.  Why do they pretend to be better than the rest of us?

It is surprising how many people share this view.  Perhaps it is because Catholics lay great stress on going to Mass and confessing their sins to a priest.  In fact Catholics don’t pretend to be better than anyone else.  If you ask them, most will probably say that they consider themselves to be no better and at times worse.

The idea that Catholics are morally superior to anyone else is false.  The Catholic Church is in reality like a band of pilgrims on a journey towards the God who loves them.


A Missionary Church

We invite others to accompany us on the journey.

“If God can save me he can save anybody!”


“We are only the earthenware vessels that hold this treasure, to make it clear that such an overwhelming power comes from God and not from us”.  2 Corinthians 4:7


“My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.”  2 Corinthians 12: 9



When we meet together in Church something wonderful happens;


“For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them”.  Matthew 18:20.


Take this together with Jesus present in the Eucharist and we are getting a lot of Christ in the Mass.  You can’t get more, the body and the blood, soul and divinity of God’s dearly beloved Son freely given to us in the Mass.


So when the priest raises the host and says;

“Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who takes away the sins of the world.  Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb.”


And we make our response;

“Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof, but only say the word and my soul shall be healed.”


We could think of this short hymn;

Turn your eyes upon Jesus, look full in His wonderful face,

And the things of earth will grow strangely dim,

In the light of His glory and grace.


YouTube clip- Hillsong “Turn your eyes upon Jesus”



Prayer – remembering the Church on earth, the Church militant, the Church in Purgatory, the Church suffering, and the Church in Heaven, the Church triumphant.

Lord Jesus, we give you thanks for the gift of the Church, our spiritual home on earth.  We thank you for the Mass and the foretaste of heaven it gives us.  Help us to enter more fully into its mysteries.

We pray for our Church, locally, nationally and internationally.  We pray for its constancy and witness to the world.  Help us to play our part in any way we can.

We pray for the Church suffering, all those who have gone before us and are awaiting their perfection and entrance into that heavenly Church.  We look forward to being united with them in that Church Triumphant where we will behold God in all His Glory.

Eternal rest grant unto them, O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon them. May the souls of the faithful departed, through the mercy of God, rest in peace.


St. Paul – pray for us

St. Francis of Assisi – pray for us

St. Teresa of Calcutta – pray for us

Hail Mary


Extra bit

 From the Creed

 I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic church.

 From the Catechism


“The sacred mystery of the Church’s unity” (UR 2)

813 The Church is one because of her source: “the highest exemplar and source of this mystery is the unity, in the Trinity of Persons, of one God, the Father and the Son in the Holy Spirit.”259 The Church is one because of her founder: for “the Word made flesh, the prince of peace, reconciled all men to God by the cross, . . . restoring the unity of all in one people and one body.”260 The Church is one because of her “soul”: “It is the Holy Spirit, dwelling in those who believe and pervading and ruling over the entire Church, who brings about that wonderful communion of the faithful and joins them together so intimately in Christ that he is the principle of the Church’s unity.”261 Unity is of the essence of the Church:

What an astonishing mystery! There is one Father of the universe, one Logos of the universe, and also one Holy Spirit, everywhere one and the same; there is also one virgin become mother, and I should like to call her “Church.”262


823 “The Church . . . is held, as a matter of faith, to be unfailingly holy. This is because Christ, the Son of God, who with the Father and the Spirit is hailed as ‘alone holy,’ loved the Church as his Bride, giving himself up for her so as to sanctify her; he joined her to himself as his body and endowed her with the gift of the Holy Spirit for the glory of God.”289 The Church, then, is “the holy People of God,”290 and her members are called “saints.”291


What does “catholic” mean?

830 The word “catholic” means “universal,” in the sense of “according to the totality” or “in keeping with the whole.” the Church is catholic in a double sense: First, the Church is catholic because Christ is present in her. “Where there is Christ Jesus, there is the Catholic Church.”307 In her subsists the fullness of Christ’s body united with its head; this implies that she receives from him “the fullness of the means of salvation”308 which he has willed: correct and complete confession of faith, full sacramental life, and ordained ministry in apostolic succession. the Church was, in this fundamental sense, catholic on the day of Pentecost309 and will always be so until the day of the Parousia.

831 Secondly, the Church is catholic because she has been sent out by Christ on a mission to the whole of the human race:310

All men are called to belong to the new People of God. This People, therefore, while remaining one and only one, is to be spread throughout the whole world and to all ages in order that the design of God’s will may be fulfilled: he made human nature one in the beginning and has decreed that all his children who were scattered should be finally gathered together as one…. the character of universality which adorns the People of God is a gift from the Lord himself whereby the Catholic Church ceaselessly and efficaciously seeks for the return of all humanity and all its goods, under Christ the Head in the unity of his Spirit.311


857 The Church is apostolic because she is founded on the apostles, in three ways:
– she was and remains built on “the foundation of the Apostles,”362 The witnesses chosen and sent on mission by Christ himself;363
– with the help of the Spirit dwelling in her, the Church keeps and hands on the teaching,364 The “good deposit,” the salutary words she has heard from the apostles;365
– she continues to be taught, sanctified, and guided by the apostles until Christ’s return, through their successors in pastoral office: the college of bishops, “assisted by priests, in union with the successor of Peter, the Church’s supreme pastor”:366

You are the eternal Shepherd

who never leaves his flock untended.

Through the apostles you watch over us and protect us always.

You made them shepherds of the flock

to share in the work of your Son….367

 Web ref –   http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/__P29.HTM

Catholics and Redemption – RCIA Notes

Catholics and Redemption                                                                     13/2/18

Youtube clip – There is a Redeemer


“For you have made us for yourself and our hearts are restless till they rest is you”.  From The Confessions of St. Augustine


If we don’t fill this space with God it will be filled with something else which will ultimately not satisfy us.


What kind of things might we fill this space with?


We have looked at salvation through Jesus Christ by his death and resurrection.  His blood for forgiveness of sins and the cross for deliverance from sin.  Our sins paid for and our sin, fallen nature, dealt with so that we can new life through Jesus Christ.  We lay hold of this by faith and repentance.


As well as those things we have from Jesus’s death and resurrection we also have something from his life.  Because his life was perfect, holy and righteous, we receive his righteousness.  What an exchange – he takes our sins and gives us his righteousness.   Then he does more, by giving us the Holy Spirit to dwell within us and work within us to make our lives match our standing in Christ by making us righteous, holy and perfect.  This is an ongoing and whole life’s work.  It is completed after death.  So that we can say in relation to our redemption, “We have been saved, we are being saved and we will be saved!”  Hallelujah! Amen.

Our part in this is one of obedience to the will of God, submission to and cooperation with his will and his plan for us.  Faith and trust that he will do in us what he has promised.


Progress in the Christian Life

Always upwards – even if the line is a bit wiggly.  It isn’t always how far we have to go but how far we’ve come.


Catholics and Redemption


1) Job 19; vs. 25 “For I know that my Redeemer lives and that at the last he will stand on the earth”

(I like how Job in uses the present tense, my Redeemer lives, and then the future tense, will stand on the earth.  Do you think he is talking about Jesus?)

2) Isaiah 43; vs. 1 “Do not be afraid for I have redeemed you; I have called you by your name, you are mine.”

(Redemption is a great theme of Isaiah.)

3) Mark 10; vs. 45  “For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.”

4) Letter of St Paul to the Philippians Chapter 1; vs. 6                                      

“I’m convinced that God, who began this good work in you, will carry it through to completion on the day of Christ Jesus.”

5) First Letter of St Paul to the Corinthians Chapter 6; vs 19-20                       

Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honour God with your bodies.                                                 

(This is about remembering that our free gift of salvation cost Jesus everything.)

5) Letter of St Paul to the Philippians Chapter 3; vs. 7-9                                   

“Yet whatever gains I had, these I have come to regard as loss because of Christ. More than that, I regard everything as loss because of the surpassing value of  knowing Christ Jesus my Lord.  For His sake I have suffered the loss of all things, and I regard them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but one that comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God based on faith.”

 Catechism of the Catholic Church

ccc 571 – The Paschal mystery of Christ’s cross and Resurection stands at the center of the Good News that the apostles, and the Church following them, are to proclaim to the world.   God’s saving plan was accomplished “once for all” by the redemptive death of his Son Jesus Christ.

ccc1069 – The word “liturgy” originally meant a “public work” or a “service in the name of/on behalf of the people.”  In Christian tradition it means the participation of the People of God in “the work of God.”  Through the liturgy Christ, our redeemer and high priest, continues the work of our redemption in, with, and through his Church.

A believer’s prayer for when the penny drops.

Lord Jesus, I want to know you personally. Thank you for dying on the cross for my sins. I open the door of my life to you and ask you to come in as my Saviour and Lord. Take control of my life. Thank you for forgiving my sins and giving me eternal life. Make me the kind of person you want me to be. http://www.beliefnet.com/prayers/christian/born-again/believers-prayer

The Mystery of Faith                                                                                                

Save us Saviour of the world,

For by Your cross and Resurrection,                                                                         

You have set us free.



Oh Christ Jesus, Our Lord, Our God,
Our Holy Redeemer, Our Saviour.
I thank you for this day, For your infinite Love,
Your forgiveness of sin, Your Crucifixion,

Your Resurrection,
Our Redemption and Salvation.
For our Blessed Mother,
For Your saving Grace,
And all your gifts of Love

RCIA – Sin and Forgiveness – 8/2/18

Catholics and Sin                                          6th February 2018

Youtube clip – The Servant King by Graham Kendrick

Have a look at the cartoons in the book “How to Survive being Married to a Catholic”.


  1. Do people see sin as just a bit of fun or do they deny that there is any such thing as sin?
  2. How does breaking God’s law harm human beings?
  3. What can help us as we make choices in our lives?
  4. What is your understanding of sin and how it affects daily life?


Definitions of Sin

Bad thoughts, bad words, bad deeds

Can be called;  Self  Inflicted  Nonsense


Why do we commit sins?

There is something fundamentally wrong within us, a state of sin, which causes us to commit sins?


Consider Romans 7; 15-25

Does it sound a bit like there’s a war going on?  What is the answer?  Read on Romans 8; 1-4


Being prepared to change and to be changed

Quote – Helen Roseveare’s book – Living sacrifice p60 (recognising sin in yourself and doing something about it).  On this page of the book Helen is a missionary doctor in Africa and one day she had collected a charity parcel of clothing which had arrived “for the Africans” and she took a pretty dress from it for herself.  Then she was convicted that this was wrong and put it back.  She then saw the delight in an African lady on receiving this same dress.  She had learnt a lesson and God provided for her own needs in other ways.  See this youtube clip for some of her testimony.


Coming before God with open hands

Quote – As bread that is broken – p37 letting God look in our hands, take things out  and put things in.

Jesus is the answer

His blood is for forgiveness, dealing with our sins.

1 John; 1-7 …the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.


The cross is for deliverance, dealing with our sin, our inward state.

Romans 6; 6  We know that our former man (our old nature) was crucified with Him so that the sinful body might be destroyed, and we might no longer be enslaved to sin.


Our response

Acknowledge Jesus as Lord

Accept what he has done for us

Repent and Follow Him

Surrender to His will for us even if that is a lifetime’s work



Prayer (from the book God for Grownups)

We live in a society which calls itself Christian but often appears to live in the opposite way.  It is a world which, at times, puts possessions before people, success before justice, stength before depending on each other and upon God.  We pray that the Spirit of God will fill us with a power which frees us from fear, complacency and prejudice.

Lord Jesus, show us how to be open to new influences and to walk in new directions.

Show us how our failure to love affects others as well as ourselves.

Remind us to try to respect everyone and not just those who love us.

Help us to be aware that we can make tomorrow better than today.

Your power finds its strength in our weakness, without which we can do nothing.



Forgiveness – called to be different and to make a difference

Matthew 6: 9-13 The Lord’s Prayer vs. 12 “And forgive us our trespasses (sins) as we forgive those who trespass (sin) against us.” and then in verses 14-15  “Yes, if you forgive others their failings, your heavenly Father will forgive you yours; but if you do not forgive others, your Father will not forgive you your failings either.”

Luke 23: 34  “Father forgive them; they do not know what they are doing.”

Matthew 18: 21-22  Then Peter went up to him and said, “Lord, how often must I forgive my brother if he wrongs me?  As often as seven times?”  Jesus answered, “Not seven I tell you but seventy seven times.  (other translations seventy times seven)

Matthew 18: 23-35  The unforgiving servant  vs. 35  “And that is how my Father will deal with you unless you each forgive your brother from your heart”.


1) From these verses which of the terms below best describes what we are being asked to do.

a) an instruction     b) a request      c) an option      d) a command

(Clue – Jesus often says things in such as way that they are commands.)


2) Rate the importance of our forgiving those who have wronged us

Not important   1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5- 6 – 7 – 8 – 9 – 10    Very important


3) Rate how easy or difficult it is to forgive others

Easy   1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 – 7 – 8 – 9 – 10    Difficult


4) In the Scriptures above, when we are asked to forgive, is the emphasis on the one doing the forgiving or the one being forgiven.  (Is this fair?  After all who’s been wronged here.)

Examples of challenging situations

Discussion after each

 1)  The Amish shootings in October 2nd 2006



2) Julie Nicholson whose daughter died in the bombing in London 7th July 2006



3) You tube clip “Corrie Ten Boom, How to forgive”


Other Scriptures on the call to be different theme

Matthew 6: 38-48  vs. 4 Love your enemies

Matthew 5: 13-16  Salt of the earth and light of the world


 Some Theology

The Doctrine of final judgement enables us to forgive others freely  (ref book  Systematic Theology – Wayne Grudem

 As everyone ultimately has God for their judge they do not need us to judge them. (my words)

When we have been wronged , we can give into God’s hands any desire to harm or pay back the person who wronged us, knowing that every wrong in the universe will be ultimately paid for – either it will turn out to have been paid for by Christ when he died on the cross (if the wrongdoer becomes a Christian), or it will be paid for at the final judgement (for those who do not trust in Christ for salvation).

This thought should keep us from harboring bitterness or resentment in our hearts for injustices we have suffered that have not been made right.

In this way we are following the example of Christ…..Systematic Theology – Wayne Grudem


Catechism of the Catholic Church 

  1. “And Forgive Us Our Trespasses, as We Forgive Those Who Trespass AGAINST US”

2838 This petition is astonishing. If it consisted only of the first phrase, “and forgive us our trespasses,” it might have been included, implicitly, in the first three petitions of the Lord’s Prayer, since Christ’s sacrifice is “that sins may be forgiven.” But, according to the second phrase, our petition will not be heard unless we have first met a strict requirement. Our petition looks to the future, but our response must come first, for the two parts are joined by the single word “as.”

and forgive us our trespasses . . .

2839 With bold confidence, we began praying to our Father. In begging him that his name be hallowed, we were in fact asking him that we ourselves might be always made more holy. But though we are clothed with the baptismal garment, we do not cease to sin, to turn away from God. Now, in this new petition, we return to him like the prodigal son and, like the tax collector, recognize that we are sinners before him.133 Our petition begins with a “confession” of our wretchedness and his mercy. Our hope is firm because, in his Son, “we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.”134 We find the efficacious and undoubted sign of his forgiveness in the sacraments of his Church.135

2840 Now – and this is daunting – this outpouring of mercy cannot penetrate our hearts as long as we have not forgiven those who have trespassed against us. Love, like the Body of Christ, is indivisible; we cannot love the God we cannot see if we do not love the brother or sister we do see.136 In refusing to forgive our brothers and sisters, our hearts are closed and their hardness makes them impervious to the Father’s merciful love; but in confessing our sins, our hearts are opened to his grace.

2841 This petition is so important that it is the only one to which the Lord returns and which he develops explicitly in the Sermon on the Mount.137 This crucial requirement of the covenant mystery is impossible for man. But “with God all things are possible.”138
. . . as we forgive those who trespass against us

2842 This “as” is not unique in Jesus’ teaching: “You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect”; “Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful”; “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.”139 It is impossible to keep the Lord’s commandment by imitating the divine model from outside; there has to be a vital participation, coming from the depths of the heart, in the holiness and the mercy and the love of our God. Only the Spirit by whom we live can make “ours” the same mind that was in Christ Jesus.140 Then the unity of forgiveness becomes possible and we find ourselves “forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave” us.141

133 Cf.  Lk 15:11-32,  18:13.
134  Col 1:14;  Eph 1:7.
135 Cf.  Mt 26:28;  Jn 20:23.
136 Cf.  l Jn 4:20.
137 Cf.  Mt 6:14-15;  5:23-24;  Mk 11:25.
138  Mt 19:26.
139  Mt 5:48;  Lk 6:36;  Jn 13:34.
140 Cf.  Gal 5:25;  Phil 2:1,5.
141  Eph 4:32.

The Lord’s prayer

 Our Father, who art in heaven,hallowed be thy name;

thy kingdom come,

thy will be done

on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread,

and forgive us our trespasses,

as we forgive those who trespass against us;

and lead us not into temptation,

but deliver us from evil.